International Journal of Medicine Research

International Journal of Medicine Research


International Journal of Medicine Research
International Journal of Medicine Research
Vol. 6, Issue 1 (2021)

Clinical profile of hypothyroidism: a cross sectional study


Swetha R Lakshetty, Nandini Devru

Background: Hypothyroidism patients are more prone for co morbidities and complication compared to other individuals especially with subclinical manifestations. It becomes crucial to treat hypothyroidism so as to prevent the associated complications. Hence the present study was undertaken with the objective to assess the clinical profile of patients with hypothyroidism. Methodology: This was a hospital based cross sectional study carried at Department of Medicine, Navodaya Medical College, Raichur during 2015-17. Fifty Newly diagnosed hypothyroidism patients who fit into the inclusion criteria were taken for the study. The patients underwent relevant investigations which comprised of thyroid profile and clinical evaluation. Results: Majority of the patients were in the age group of 30-40 years with the mean age of 42 years. Hypothyroidism was more among females than males. Most common symptoms were of weight gain, lethargy, dry skin, hoarseness of voice, cold intolerance and menstrual symptoms. On general examination most common findings are increased BMI found in 31 of 50 patients accounting to 62% of the total, dry skin found in 19 patients (38%), pallor was present in 26% patients, BP above 140/90 mm Hg in 22% patients. Conclusion: Hypothyroidism was more common among 40 years females. Early diagnosis of subclinical hypothyroidism helps in preventing complications.
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How to cite this article:
Swetha R Lakshetty, Nandini Devru. Clinical profile of hypothyroidism: a cross sectional study. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 6, Issue 1, 2021, Pages 54-57
International Journal of Medicine Research International Journal of Medicine Research