Independent and assisted living geriatrics: Correlates of falls, cognitive function and balance profiles
P Akshya, C Regina Mary, R Sundaresan
The speed of population ageing around the world is also increasing significantly. With increase in age this population is vulnerable diseases, disorders and accidents. Falls are considered one of the most critical problem faced by geriatrics. It is also a common public health issue and it is known as the fifth major cause leading to death among elderly population in a community. Cognition and balance abilities are the two primary factors responsible for the falls. The fore most aim of the study is to compare the association among falls, cognitive function and balance profiles of Independent and Assisted living geriatrics. Fifty elderly respondents aged 65+ years were identified for the study purpose. They were grouped as Group A: Independent Living & Group B: Assisted Living geriatrics and further classified into three namely G1- young old (65-74 years), G2- medium old (75-84 years), G3- oldest old (above 85 years) based on their age group. The Fall Proof Health and Activity questionnaire, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Dynamic Gait Index (DGI) and Sharpened or Tandem Romberg test were administered to obtain information related to falls, cognition, and balance profiles. The outcomes were analysed using descriptive statistics and One-way ANOVA in SPSS version 25. An evident difference in cognitive function and balance profiles were noted between groups. The results highlighted that type of living had a significant impact on cognition and balance abilities. This was considered as an important factor during the assessment and management of cognitive and vestibular issues of geriatrics.
P Akshya, C Regina Mary, R Sundaresan. Independent and assisted living geriatrics: Correlates of falls, cognitive function and balance profiles. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 5, Issue 4, 2020, Pages 87-93