International Journal of Medicine Research

International Journal of Medicine Research


International Journal of Medicine Research
International Journal of Medicine Research
Vol. 5, Issue 2 (2020)

Eczema of infancy and childhood


Dr. Magida Kathm, Dr. Baraa W Taha, Dr. Nassema Lazim

Background: Eczema of infancy and childhood is one of the commom dermatological diseases in Iraqi patients for this reason this study was arranged. Objective: To assessment of an epidemiological study aimed at characterization of different clinical aspects of eczema in children and in infants in Iraqi population. Patient and Methods: A total number of tow hundred and fifty patients was seen and studied in the department of dermatology / Medical City Baghdad, FROM December 2013 to April 2014. They were 131 males and 119 female. Their ages ranged from 2 weeks to 12 years, mean age 4.43 years with mean age of onset was 3.65 years. A detailed history was taken from each patient with emphasis on the following relivant points: age, age of onset, sex, family history of atopy, personal history of atopy, history of food allergy, any associated diseases and any seasonal variations. All patients were fully examined regarding the type, morphology and distribution of the lesions in each type of eczema including: Atopic dermatitis, discoid eczema, pityriasis Alba and seborrhoeic dermatitis. The type of feeding whether breast, bottle or mixed feeding was assessed in all types of eczema. Results: A total number of 250 children with various types of eczema was seen. their ages ranged from birth to 12 years with a mean age (4.43) years and mean age of onset 3.6 years, male 131 (52.4 %), female 119 (47.6%) with male: female ratio (1.1:1). Each type of eczema had its mean age and mean age of onset as: atopic dermatitis was 5.2 yr, 3.9 yr infantile group of AD 1.06 yr, 1.26 yr, childhood phase of AD 6.6 yrs, 4.8 yrs. Discoid eczema 4.3 yrs, 3.2 yrs, pityriasis Alba 7.9 yrs, 7.4 yrs, seborrhoeic dermatitis, 4.3 months and 1.6 months. The incidence of these various type is as follows: Atopic dermatitis 140 (56%), discoid eczema 46 (18.48%), pityriasis Alba 40 (16 %) and seborrheic dermatitis was 14 (5.6%). The family history of atopy was significantly high in all types of eczema 64.2 %, discoid eczema 65.2%, pityriasis alba 40 % and seborrhoeic dermatitis 64.2%, compared to the control group 23 %. Conclusion Eczema of infancy and childhood is one of the commom dermatological diseases. Atopy dermatitis was the commenst. The family history of atopy was significantly high in all types of eczema.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Magida Kathm, Dr. Baraa W Taha, Dr. Nassema Lazim. Eczema of infancy and childhood. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 5, Issue 2, 2020, Pages 21-23
International Journal of Medicine Research