A comparative study of pre – and post-menopausal breast cancer, risk factors, presentation, characteristics
Dr. Iman Ahmed Mahmood, Dr. Nada Fezaa Mohammed, Dr. Jazaaer Jasim Mohammed
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of breast cancer in premenopausal women and post-menopausal women and to determine the related factors among women in Mosul city. Objective: Breast cancer is the most common female cancer worldwide and is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in women. This study evaluates the differences between pre- and post- menopausal breast cancer women regarding risk factors, nature of disease, presentation, tumor characteristics to find out the prevalence of breast cancer, demographic character such as age, parity, family history, hormonal therapy, and history of breast feeding were studied. Methods: This study is retrospective study done in Mosul hospitals. It is case series study which was carried out among 100 women with breast cancer conducted in breast clinics of Mosul hospitals for a period of 2 years between 2018 -2019, proved by histopathological examination for women who underwent mastectomy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. They were asked to fill up the forms with their consent and they were collected. Data analysis was done, results, and conclusion were reported in this study. Findings: Among 100 female’s patients taken up for the study, 49 were pre-menopausal and 51 had reached menopause. The risk factors for both pre-and post- menopausal breast cancer were found similar other than late menopause in post-menopausal patients. Having dense breast tissue was predominant risk factor among all women. Late presentation was the common phenomenon in almost all patients. Conclusion: Late stage oat presentation of breast cancer is the main problem and possesses a challenge to the health care community. In order to reduce the burden of breast cancer, a periodic examination for any patient having close relative of breast cancer, after age of 50, and to confirm self-examination for every woman after age of 40.