Study of factors related to time of breastfeeding initiation among mother-infant pairs in Ibn al- Baladi hospital in Baghdad Iraq
Dr. Jenan Ghadban Dawood, Dr. Talib Hasan Darhash Al Tamimi, Dr. Kaddum Kudair Abbas AL Taie
Early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) and exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of life prevents around 20% newborn deaths and 13% under-five deaths. EIBF is predominately associated with socioeconomic, health related and individual factors. This study was carried out with the objective to find out the prevalence of EIBF and association of demographic, antenatal and intra natal factors with pre lacteal feeding practice in Al-Sadir city in Baghdad. This study was carried out in 2017–2018 on a sample of 200 mother-infant pairs calculated with appropriate formula using EIBF prevalence. Multistage sampling was done and mothers who gave valid consent were taken as respondent. Chi-square, Fisher exact and Pearson correlation tests were used for statistical analysis. The prevalence of EIBF was 65% in Al-Sadir city. About 93.1% newborn of 15–19 years aged mothers, 96.4% newborns of mothers of Class-V socio-economic class, 87.5% newborns of illiterate mothers, 93.8% newborns of farmer mothers, and 78.9% of 1st birth order newborns received breastfeeding within 1 h of their birth. The proportion of newborn receiving breastfeeding within 1–4 h after birth increased significantly with increasing number of antenatal care (ANC) visits (P<0.05). Among mothers with prolonged labor, 43.5% could initiate breastfeeding early. Mode of delivery and health facility for delivery were a significant determinant for the time of initiation of breastfeeding. EIBF decreased with increasing age of mothers, increasing socio-economic class and increasing the education level of mothers. The practice of EIBF is also low among employed mothers, among newborn with high birth order and among mothers of general caste. EIBF is high in mothers with fewer ANC visits, among mothers with prolonged labor, in case of normal delivery, delivery at primary health care, and delivery assisted by female health staff.
Dr. Jenan Ghadban Dawood, Dr. Talib Hasan Darhash Al Tamimi, Dr. Kaddum Kudair Abbas AL Taie. Study of factors related to time of breastfeeding initiation among mother-infant pairs in Ibn al- Baladi hospital in Baghdad Iraq. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 5, Issue 1, 2020, Pages 57-62