A prospective case control study on metabolic syndrome in lichen planus in a tertiary care centre
Sidhant K, Amulya R, Sachin S, Badrinath
Background: Lichen planus is an inflammatory, autoimmune papulosquamous disease affecting skin and mucous membrane. It can be associated with metabolic syndrome. Methods: A hospital based case control study among patients attending DVL OPD during a period of 1.5 years (January 2016 - May 2017). Study population included 40 cases of LP and 80 age and sex matched controls. History, clinical examination and blood investigations were done. Diagnosis was made based on IDF criteria. Results: There was no significant association between metabolic syndrome and lichen planus (p=0.292). Although there was higher prevalence of hypertension (47.5% vs. 27.5%, p=0.029), triglyceride level (25% vs. 10%, p=0.030) and low HDLC levels (65% vs. 45%, p=0.039). We could not establish significant association between FBS and waist circumference with LP. Conclusions: Metabolic syndrome was not significantly associated with LP, but its components such as hypertension, triglycerides and low HDLC levels were significantly associated with LP as per the study. Therefore patients with LP need to be screened to rule out each of these parameters to avoid later complications.
Sidhant K, Amulya R, Sachin S, Badrinath. A prospective case control study on metabolic syndrome in lichen planus in a tertiary care centre. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 4, Issue 2, 2019, Pages 63-66