Epidemiology and treatment of brucellosis in south Karnataka: A cross sectional study
Dr. Vikrant Ghatnatti, Dr. Raju Badiger, Dr. Chetana Kavatakoppa, Dr. Dinesha, Dr. Shweta Patil, Dr. Vivek Patil, Dr. Vijayalaxmi, Dr. Soumya
Background and objectives: Brucellosis is a zoonosis widely distributed around the world. It is transmitted directly or indirectly to humans from infected animals predominantly domesticated ruminants and swine. The interest in brucellosis has been increasing because of the growing phenomena of international tourism and migration in addition to the potential use of Brucella as a biological weapon.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, A total of 30 cases diagnosed as brucellosis were investigated in terms of spread of infection, age and sex distribution, clinical and laboratory characteristics and response to different treatment regimens.
Results: Our study revealed a prevalence of 0.61 percent in adults and 0.1 percent in children. Fever with drenching sweats remained one of the important symptoms of brucellosis. Age groups of 41 to 50 years were more commonly affected by brucellosis. Males were more affected and showed the history of contact with animals. Brucellosis reacted well with the drug regimen and showed an overall better prognosis. 40% of the individuals had positive impact of health education on prevention of Brucellosis.
Conclusions and interpretation: It is concluded that brucellosis is a disease with significantly affecting the age group of 40 to 50 years. Brucellosis was significantly more affected among rural males and those with contact of animals.
Dr. Vikrant Ghatnatti, Dr. Raju Badiger, Dr. Chetana Kavatakoppa, Dr. Dinesha, Dr. Shweta Patil, Dr. Vivek Patil, Dr. Vijayalaxmi, Dr. Soumya. Epidemiology and treatment of brucellosis in south Karnataka: A cross sectional study. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 66-68