International Journal of Medicine Research

International Journal of Medicine Research


International Journal of Medicine Research
International Journal of Medicine Research
Vol. 3, Issue 1 (2018)

A study of clinico-biochemical profile in patients of cerebrovascular accidents


Dr. Ajay Pal Singh, Dr. Shilpi Sikarwar

Background: Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) are reported to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in adult life. It is the third commonest cases of death after heart disease and cancer of all type. Stroke prevalence in Indian population is 471.58/100000 population.
Aims and Objective: To study clinical presentation, risk factors, neurological presentation, pattern of brain strokes and biochemical profile in CVA patients.
Materials and Methods: Hundred stroke patients (Case group) were studied and compared with 100 age and sex matched healthy subjects (Control group) at JA group of Hospital, Gwalior from February 2016 to August 2017. Detailed information regarding age, sex, stroke history, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension along with lipid profile of each patient was recorded.
Results: Mean age of patients of CVA was 59.75±13.64 years. CVA was more common in males (59%) compared to female (41%). Most common clinical presentation was motor weakness (71%) followed by altered sensorium (11%) and unconsciousness (8%).The ischemic stroke was seen in 70 % patients and the rest had haemorrhagic stroke. Most common risk factor was smoking (26%), previous stroke history (24.28% in ischemic stroke and 23.33% in haemorrhagic patients), presence of diabetes mellitus (29%) and hypertension (54%).
Conclusion: The cerebrovascular accidents cases were having male predominance with Hypertension was the most common risk factor and most common type of stroke was ischemic.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Ajay Pal Singh, Dr. Shilpi Sikarwar. A study of clinico-biochemical profile in patients of cerebrovascular accidents. International Journal of Medicine Research, Volume 3, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 50-52
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