Prevalence of diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis patient in Batticaloa district, Sri Lanka
M Umakanth, S Rishikesavan
Introduction: Both diabetes (DM) and Tuberculosis (TB) are the chronic disease in the world especially in the south-East Asia. The association between diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis is a common occurrence in the worldwide. We all aware that, the prevalence of DM is increasing in resource deprived countries where TB is of high burden. A well strategically approach of bi-directional screening for two diseases will detect early and prevent complication of both DM and TB. Methodology: This was a facility based cross-sectional study was undertaken in the chest clinic Teaching hospital Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. All newly diagnosed TB patients attending to chest clinic were successively screened for DM.DM was diagnosed based on the World Health Organization diagnostic criteria. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic, lifestyles and clinical data. Results: Out of 102 TB cases, prevalence of DM was 22.5%. The majority of TB patients were underweight, it was around 50%. Obesity and overweight were observed only 18% of the population. There were no significant association between DM and other risk factors in our study. Conclusion: Routine screening of TB patients for DM is recommended in the study area.