Amit Semwal, Virendra Kumar, Saraswati Prakash Bhatt, Kumar Ashok
This review summarizes the literature on antiocular activities of medicinal plants used for the treatment of ocular disorder in the indigenous system of medicine. Herbal medicine have been used as traditional treatment for numerous human diseases for thousands of years in many parts of the world. Herbal medicine is still the mainstay of about 75–80% of the world population, mainly in the developing countries, for primary health care because of better cultural acceptability, better compatibility with the human body and lesser side effects. Eye is one of the most sensitive organ of human body and is permanently exposed to different environmental agents. The common ocular diseases are glaucoma, conjunctivitis, cataract, ocular allergies, ocular inflammation etc. Cataract is the main cause of blindness in the world, responsible for approximately 50% of the existing cases in both developed and developing countries. Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve. Glaucoma remains a leading cause of blindness in adults over 60 years. Conjunctivitis is the disease when the mucous membrane on the inner surface of the eyelid is irritated. Conjunctiva is a thin, translucent membrane lining the anterior part of the sclera and inside of the eyelids. In this short review an attempt has been made to review some of the medicinal plants which proved to be beneficial in the treatment of different ocular disease such as Cassia fistula (L.), Capsicum frutescens L., Capparis zeylanica L., Catharanthus roseus L., Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Caesalpinia volkensii Harms, Buddleja officinalis Maxim, Cheilanthes glauca (Cav.) Mett, Centella asiatica (L.) Urb., Curcuma longa Linn., Emblica officinalis, Erythrina indica Lam., Eucalyptus deglupta, Eugenia borinquensis, Eugenia jambolana, Ginkgo biloba L., Lantana camara L, Mangifera indica L., Ocimum sanctum Linn, Plantago ovata Forssk., Tagetes erecta L., Tamarindus indica L., Terminalia arjuna L., Tinospora cordifolia, Tribulus terrestris L., WithaniaSomnifera Linn., Zingiber officinalis. The eye infection is caused by various microorganisms Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonasaeruginosa. Due to side effects of allopathic drugs, now a day’s huge numbers of herbal drugs are used for treatment of ocular diseases.