Vol. 4, Issue 4 (2019)
Deficiency of vitamin d in paediatric fracture patients: Prevalence, risk factors, and vitamin D supplementation
Author(s): Dr. Shyam Sundar S, Dr. M Aravinda, Dr. Nishanth Gowda N
Abstract: Deficiency in Vitamin D can accrue from the lack of sufficient exposure to sunlight. Infant can acquire minimal amounts of this vitamin from breast milk and a limited amount of this mineral makes them suffer from diseases like Scurvy. Accelerated catabolism from various medications is also the origins of this vitamin and the lack of it presents in the bowing of legs. The lack of Vitamin D in the adult population shows in the form of a protruding forehead. The international pediatrics Association recommends an intake of 400 international units per day for infants before the age of 12 months. Children and young adults require up to 600 IU per day for the proper functioning of their bodies and the growth of bones and development. In the event that a child lacks sufficient Vitamin D, the supplements are recommended until the child comes of age. Vitamin D in orthopedics is an essential component of the functioning, development, and maintenance of the musculoskeletal. Sufficient levels of vitamin D mean greater mineral density of the bones and this means a healthy bone structure.