International Journal of Medicine Research

International Journal of Medicine Research


International Journal of Medicine Research
International Journal of Medicine Research
Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2019)

Clinical profile of dengue infection at a centre in North Karnataka, India


Adnan Imam, Prashanth ED

Background: Dengue is one of the most common arbovirus infection worldwide. Symptoms of the infected individuals have a very broad range of presentation having similarities with other infections like malaria and influenza like illness etc. Method: It is a retrospective study conducted at a centre in North Karnataka. Data were collected retrospectively from hospital records, seropositive for dengue antigen or antibodies or both. The complete blood picture and liver enzymes like SGPT and SGOT were assessed of the infected individuals. The two tailed T Test was used to determine the significant change in the SGOT and SGPT enzymes. Result: Symptoms presented, 98.30% fever, 52.90% headache, 61.20% nausea, 50.40% vomiting, 83.50% myalgia, 19% cough, 31.40% abdominal pain, 20.70% rash, 1.70% bleeding, 28.90% retrobulbar pain, 2.50% plasma leakage, 14% hypotension, 57.90% leucopenia, 71.90% thrombocytopenia. 1.7% of the individual even showed seropositivity but didn’t have any fever episode. Elevation of SGOT was significantly raised with respect to SGPT. The affected individuals were mainly from the age group of 16 years to 37 years. Conclusion: The symptoms ranged from mild to severe but few landed up in complications like Dengue Hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. Study indicates that muscle injury is more significant with respect to the liver injury during the course of the disease, the cause for which still need to be explained on a bigger population size. Infection in the youmg individual is still a matter to be researched
Pages : 34-37