International Journal of Medicine Research

International Journal of Medicine Research


International Journal of Medicine Research
International Journal of Medicine Research
Vol. 4, Issue 3 (2019)

Perception des personnes souffrant des troubles mentaux face A leur prise en charge sociale et medicale (Cas des malades internés au Centre Neuro Psycho Pathologique (CNPP) de Kinshasa en RDC)


Mukongo Kapita J, Kabongo Mwamba AG, Bukasa Tshilonda JC, Kashala TD, Kapenga Kasongo JJ, Wembonyama Okitotsho S

Introduction: People with mental disorders are found in all countries of the world, but their care depends on each conceptual and organizational modality in force in their respective countries. The big problem is that most of these patients are not supported socially and medically and are almost abandoned by their families, NGOs and the Congolese state, which causes them to be wandering day. and night through the major arteries of the Capital without any support. But nevertheless a small group finds itself still supported in hospital following the organization of their respective families. That is why we conducted our study with patients who were housed in order to have their perception of this thorny problem. Material and Method: Our study is qualitative and it makes use of the phenomenological method. The sample of the study is made up of 17 patients interned in the third and fourth pavilions selected on the basis of the improvement of their neurological and psychological state following their care by the caregivers and with the occasional help of their families. at the Neuro Psycho-Pathological Center (CNPP). To collect the data, we used a maintenance guide. Results: The results showed that mentally ill people were mostly adults, of whom 11.8% were 21-30 years old; 29.4% were between 31-40 years old; 35.3% were around 41-50 years old and the others were swimming beyond 51-60 years old and over. Fifty-eight point eight percent of these patients were male compared to 41.2% female. Forty percent of these patients had as a high level of education, secondary school, the most victims were singles 35.8%, married and divorced 29.4% each, civil servants are in the lead with 47.1% followed by Military / Police 23.5%, unemployed 11.8%. Their lifestyle is weird: 29.4% alcohol, 17.6% cigarettes and cigarettes, 11.7% outdoor music dancing. As for the perception of the patients in relation to their social care, the latter think that they are not considered by society because access to the family home to spend the night is conflictual, they live a financial accessibility for survival on the street is difficult. In relation to the reasons of non-integration into the family, they claim that they are guilty of guilt (accused of wizards, witch doctors, bewitchment). The majority of patients say that their family integration is conflictual. In relation to the medical care they receive at the CNPP, they describe it as effective in that they regain consciousness. Conclusion: In short, we must agree that timely reintegration and medical care is an urgent necessity for people with mental disorders as it promotes the psychological recovery of certain cases. Caregivers and family members must use all means available to confer the feeling of mutual assistance and mutual trust. They must assist all patients individually, created on the physical, psychological, social, climate of mutual trust for change. Family members are true partners in mental health care, so involving them in the natural hierarchy to be respected (father, mother, child or friend) can be partners of care or seekers of care to shorten period of treatment of the mentally ill.
Pages : 11-14