Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
MR Imaging diversities of degenerated uterine leiomyomas
Author(s): Kumaraswamy, Aradhana, Aishwarya KC, Gowtham Gowda, Santhosh
Abstract: Objectives: To review the imaging features of degenerated uterine leiomyomas on Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Materials and methods: The study included 11 patients referred from the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, KVG Medical College Hospital, Sullia, and Karnataka. Informed consent was obtained from all the patients. The patients were subjected to MRI abdomen and pelvis based on the history and the clinical examination using Philips Multiva 1.5T. Results: All the degenerated uterine leiomyomas demonstrated signal intensity on MRI depending upon the spectrum of degeneration within the leiomyomas which are of the following types – Hyaline, Calcific, Myxoid, Cystic and lipoleiomyoma. Conclusion: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common tumors affecting the female pelvis which are associated with significant morbidity. They may be encountered incidentally and have typical appearances on MR imaging making the diagnosis easy. However, it is important to be familiar with varied MR imaging appearances of degenerated uterine leiomyomas to distinguish from other mimickers/ significant diseases for aiding in prompt diagnosis and management.
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