Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2019)
Study of nutritional status of Adolescent girls from an urban slum area in Pune: a Prospective study
Author(s): Lt. Col. Neha Joshi, Major Manoj Kumar, Col Kunal Chatterjee
Abstract: Background: Day to- day life of adolescent girls from an urban slum is more physical and challenging because of modernization pressure as compared to rural girl. They are involved in earning to cope with the future demand of life. For that they are required to work hard both physically and mentally as compare to girls from the rural set up. Aims and Objectives: To study the nutritional status of the adolescent girls from the urban slum area. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty four adolescent girls having age between 10-19 years were studied at Urban Health Training Centre of Pune from Jan 2013 to Jan 2014. Detailed sociodemographic details including age, education and socioeconomic status (SES) was recorded. Dietary history and a routine examination of hemoglobin were also carried out. Results: Mean age of study cohort was 14.29 ±1.86 years. Majority (74.55%) gave the history of taking meals three times a day, 83.48% gave the history of taking green vegetables 2 to 3 times a week, 76.34% gave the history of taking mixed diet and 49.12% gave the history of taking non-vegetarian diet once a week. Mean hemoglobin level was 10.67± 1.81 gm/dL. Majority of the adolescent girls had anaemia (78.13%), of those mild anemia was most common (49.55%) followed by moderate anaemia in 23.66% girls. Conclusion: We found a high prevalence of under nutrition among adolescent girls in this slum community. Health education and nutrition interventions are needed on priority basis.
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