Vol. 3, Issue 3 (2018)
Complications and treatment of gestational diabetes
Author(s): Maryam Nakhaee Moghadam
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine diseases that has a chronic progression and occurs when either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body does not use the produced insulin efficiently. There are three man types of diabetes, including type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Searches were conducted by two independent researchers in international (PubMed, Web of science, Scopus and Google scholar) and national (SID, Magiran) databases for related studies from the inception of the databases to September 2017 (without time limitation) in English and Persian languages. To ensure literature saturation, the reference lists of included studies or relevant reviews identified through the search were scanned. The specific search strategies were created by a Health Sciences Librarian with expertise in systematic review search using the MESH terms and free terms according to the PRESS standard. Pregnant women with postpartum diabetes should be monitored 6 days after the end of pregnancy (FBS or OGTT for diabetes), and if intravenous plasma glucose is less than 126 in fasting mode and 200, 2 hours after a meal, that specific individual is not diabetic; however, given the history of gestational diabetes, the individual is at risk, and if fasting blood glucose is higher than or equal to 126 in fasting mode and 200, 2 hours after a meal the individual is diabetic and necessary measures must be taken.