A cadaveric study on anatomical variations of profunda femoris artery and its branches in West Bengal population
Dr. Mousum Mahanti, Dr. Sujata Manna, Dr. Ramanuj Singh, Dr. Manjari Chatterjee
Profunda femoris artery is important vessel of lower limb for anatomists, radiologists and surgeons. The present study was conducted upon 70 lower limbs from 35 adult cadavers with aim of assessing the anatomical variations in origin and branching of profunda femoris artery in the anatomy department of tertiary medical institution of West Bengal. Profunda femoris artery originated from common femoral artery in 94.3% limbs, from common femoral artery from a common trunk in 4.3%, limbs and absent in one case. Mean distance of origin of profunda femoris artery from mid-inguinal point was 3.29 cm and difference between left and right sides was not significant. Medial circumflex femoral artery originated from profunda femoris artery in 65.7% left limbs and 42.8% right limbs. Lateral circumflex femoral artery originated from profunda femoris artery in 74.3% left limbs and 85.7% right limbs, the difference being not significant statistically. Awareness about possible anatomical variations is important for those dealing with these vessels.