Vol. 2, Issue 6 (2017)
Management and survival rate of retinoblastoma patients at evangelical church of West Africa (ECWA) eye hospital, Kano
Author(s): SO Abu, AA Onua
Abstract: Background: Clinical management of retinoblastoma poses challenge in poor-resource setting. Enucleation, with chemotherapy are often available treatment options with attendant sequelae. Aim: Evaluate the management and survival rate of patients at Evangelical Church of West Africa Eye Hospital, Kano between December 2014 and January 2006. Methods: Retrospective study of 110 retinoblastoma patients, with parent(s) consent. The patients’ biodata and relevant medical history were analysed. Results: Sixty-seven (60.9%) were males. The mean age at presentation was 2.6 years. The average time lapse between manifestation of symptoms and presentation to hospital was 7.1 months. Commonest form of presentation was proptosis (61.8%). Encleation with chemotherapy was the intervention with the highest number of survival rate after 4 year follow-up. There was weakly positive association between the survival rate and the intervention employed. Conclusion: Commonest presentation of retinoblastoma are proptosis, cat eye reflex and fungating mass. The survival rate is low (6.4%).
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