Vol. 2, Issue 5 (2017)
Cognizance of overweight and obesity among intermediate pre graduate and secondary school students in Rajasthan
Author(s): Dr. Sonal Tanwar, Dr. Naresh Sen, Dr. Ashok Jain, Dr. Rajendra P Gokhroo, Dr. Satisk Kaushik, Dr. J Saraswat
Abstract: Background: India is the third most obese country in the world after US and China. Obesity among children in India has become a public health issue. Childhood obesity was considered as a problem in affluent countries. But now-a-days, this problem has started appearing in the developing countries. The primary aim was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity among pre-graduates In Rajasthan. Methods: A cross-sectional study that included intermediate pregraduate and secondary school students was conducted in Rajasthan between Dec. 2013 and Nov 2014. Anthropometric measurements were obtained by the researchers and body mass index (BMI) was calculated. We used the obesity risk knowledge (ORK-10) scale to assess obesity awareness. Participants who answered ≥ 5 out of 10 questions correctly were considered to be aware. Result: A total of 1467 students were enrolled (mean age, 14.69 years). The mean BMI was 21.42 kg/m2, and 19.3% were either overweight and 12.7% were obese. The mean ORK-10 score was 2.95 and 19.8 % were considered to be aware. Compared to those who were non-aware, participants in the aware group were more likely to be older (P < 0.002), male (P < 0.002), attend high school (P < 0.003), eat dinner with their families (P = 0.032), eat fruit at least daily (P = 0.030), and consider obesity to be a disease (P < 0.004). Conclusion: Only 19.8 % of students who participated were considered to be aware about obesity. Those who were aware were more likely to be older male high school students.