Knowledge and utilization of malaria preventive measures among people in a selected community settlement of north central Nigeria
Auta Dauda Abimiku, Stephen Nanbur, Olagunju Adeleke Vincent, Vasantha Kumari P, Champion Mbursa, Thangeswaran p
Background: Malaria is the notorious impediment of public health and economic development accounting for 367 000-755 000 deaths globally. This study was aimed at determining the level of knowledge and utilization of preventive measures for malaria in among people in Panda Community, Karu Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was adopted for this study. Close-ended pre-tested structured questionnaires were administered to consenting individuals within Panda community, using the convenience sampling technique. A total number of 450 questionnaires were administered between May to August 2016; 420 were filled and returned; giving a response rate of 93.3%. Data analysis was done using SPSS, version 22. Data were presented in frequency tables; and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The hypothesis was tested using chi-square technique; at 0.05 level of significance. Results: The mean age of respondents was 28.8 years. The knowledge on causes and predisposing factors to malaria was significantly high, (93.3%) while the knowledge on malaria preventive measures was moderate (55%) Further findings revealed that, there was no significant association between knowledge of malaria and the utilization of its preventive measures (X2=0.4511, CV=3.84 P=0.625, SL=0.05). However, a statistically significant relationship was found between the level of education and utilization of malaria preventive measures (X2=8.7855, CV=7.81 P=0.03, SL=0.05). Conclusion: There is adequate knowledge about malaria and its preventive measures, but the utilization of these measures is not commensurate to the level of knowledge. There is need for concerted efforts toward addressing the barriers to utilization of these effective interventions.